Referring to the results of the Global Study on the implementation of Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (Women, Peace, Security / WPS) worldwide, the UN Security Council recommends the importance of the integration of Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) into the Women, Peace and Security agenda. The Sub-Regional Meeting in Semarang on 22-23 November 2017 resulted in the integration of PVE into WPS, which was specifically reflected in the following four pillars:
Strengthening the capability of women so that they can play a stronger leadership role in preventing violent extremism at the community level. Strengthening community resilience and the role of local women and institutions in effectively developing sustainable and collaborative programs. Promoting gender and peace mainstreaming in schools.
Developing alternative gender narratives based on cultural values and the experiences of victims, as well as deconstructing the gender narratives of extremist groups. Strengthening the capacity of law enforcement agencies (police, judges, prosecutors) to understand the relationship between gender-based violence and extremism. Promoting the rights of victims affected by acts of extremism, especially women and children, so that they can access the justice system. Encouraging law enforcement approaches to hate speech, bullying and harassment.
Encouraging women’s involvement in the formation of policies to prevent violent extremism. Promoting and supporting greater involvement by women in the security sector and promoting community-based initiatives aimed at preventing extremism, such as supporting religious figures – especially women religious scholars.
Advocating for the creation of gender-sensitive policies on the management of refugees, deportees, returnees and detainees involved in violent extremism, based on their needs. Promoting the use of gender perspectives in the rehabilitation and reintegration of extremists. Encouraging coordination and collaboration between government agencies and civil society to support local communities’ role in reintegration.